Device ID in STM32 microcontrollers

Identifying devices is in many projects a necessity. From simple device description to more sophisticated appliances as USB serial naming, security keys, cryptography keys etc. There are many ways of implementing unique IDs into a microcontroller. From simple hardcoding it into the firmware, separately flashing info FLASH memory to random generating by the first run of the device. When it comes to STM32 MCU’s there is also another, simpler and cleaner possibility. During the manufaturing process a 96-bit ID is encoded onto the microcontroller.

This, so called, Unique ID consists of 3 parts:

Accessing Unique ID

For UID access, you need simply to read memory at specified address. Keep in mind that different MCU line has a different location of this data sector in memory. At the end of this post I’ll summarize most of them.

Since STM32 is a 32-bit processor we must perform three read-outs with a 32-bit offset to get a full 92-bit ID. Of course, we can use only a part of them.

For example, STM32F0 processors starting address is 0x1FFFF7AC. So, to read full UID we must read following addresses:

#define ID1 (*(unsigned long *)0x1FFFF7AC)
#define ID2 (*(unsigned long *)0x1FFFF7B0)
#define ID3 (*(unsigned long *)0x1FFFF7B4)

We can also define starting address as the beginning of an array:

unsigned long *id = (unsigned long *)0x1FFFF7AC;

As unsigned long in STM32 is a 32-bit variable, accessing array by index results in index*32 bit offset from the starting address.

Starting addresses

Below you can find Unique ID starting addresses for most of STM32 microcontrollers.

Device line Starting address
F0, F3 0x1FFFF7AC
F1 0x1FFFF7E8
F2, F4 0x1FFF7A10
F7 0x1FF0F420
L0 0x1FF80050
L0, L1 Cat.1,Cat.2 0x1FF80050
L1 Cat.3,Cat.4,Cat.5,Cat.6 0x1FF800D0